What are the Health issues of immigrant kids in the U.S?

Approximately sixty thousand children illegally in the U.S. are sparking a crisis. The question is it public health or humanitarian crisis? According to Phil Gingrey, these children are carriers of tuberculosis, dengue fever, swine flu, and the Ebola virus. Gingrey wrote in the letter addressing Thomas R. Frieden, the Director of Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, claiming that immigrants lack even essential vaccination like measles and chickenpox, which is alarming for Americans who are not vaccinated, primarily children and elders who are susceptible (Wiley, Addressing Immigrant Discrimination and Health Disparities)

Gingrey raised concerns about the potential of these diseases to spread rapidly, making them difficult to control. Some of these diseases have no cure, according to the letter by Gingrey.  Gingrey requested CDC to assess the public risk with immediate effect posed by these immigrants on the southern border. He recommended public awareness to prevent the spread of these dangerous diseases. In addition, Gringley also suggested the border patrols who come into contact with these diseases be scanned and vaccinated. In conclusion to his letter, he further suggested medical providers be put on alert and the CDC guide the public on safety measures to be undertaken.

Polarization is where individuals are divided into different groups. In other words, polarisation refers to how people think when two views come up that drive people apart. The most prevalent polarisation in the united states includes political and social polarization. Political polarization is both a process and a state. Polarisation is based less on policy differences but increasingly on other sectors like nationalism against globalists, rural against urban, or religious against secular (Adida, 2018). On the other hand, social polarisation refers to extending the gap between groups in terms of social and economic opportunities. 

The Ebola outbreak is confined to Africa according to the past outbreaks. However, the kissing bug disease and dengue have been brought to the U.S. spread between humans transmitted by bugs and dogs. Some health issues require close examination like T.B. among children and are not vaccinated. U.S. does not vaccinate against T.B., making it a significant concern. According to World Health Organisation reports, there was a 93 percent average coverage for T.B. vaccines in Central America.           

The general public believes vaccines are not easy to find in low and middle-income countries. According to Irwin Redlener, primary care in developing countries is more effective than in the U.S. than people think. Children are vaccinated in processing facilities in Arizona and Texas. According to Alan Shapiro, a co-founder of an immigrant youth clinic in New York, there is a theoretical risk of disease spreading when children live together. The states can manage risks as long as good primary care is provided.

Shapiro has offered mental and physical health care to approximately 50 immigrants who are currently adopted. According to Shapiro, there is no need to worry about the spread of contagious diseases. Children are having a good experience in the shelter and are seen by medical professionals to be vaccinated. He says some kids came along with their immunization records where they are updated as they are vaccinated. Detainees are examined at the border to prevent any potential diseases from spreading as a cautionary measure. Screening is done twice by the Border patrol followed by physicians to find signs of any disease like fever, vomiting, diarrhea, persistent coughing, and rash (Dionne,2018). The common issues related to traveling include; dehydration, foot injuries, heat exhaustion, scabies, and lice.

Aside from T.B. cases, there have been gastrointestinal, respiratory issues, and flu cases at the McAllen processing center in Texas. On the other hand, among the 4000 immigrants in the Nogales processing center in Arizona, there were two flu cases and two chickenpox cases. The risk of these diseases spreading beyond the shelter is low. The health issues among kids do not pose a threat to the public. Texas health officials, however, reported overcrowding in the McAllen facility and a lack of medical scans.

According to William, there is currently a good provision of care due to few immigrants arriving. ‘Fear mongering takes attention from the major issue at hand; mental health,’ says Shapiro. Immigrant children come to America to find the peace that is not available back at home. The children go through tough times, face a high risk of abuse by gangs, and adapt to new faces and a new environment. These children experience too much over a short period, causing trauma and stress.

Immigration policy from the lens of political and social polarisation

Social and political polarisation

 The two major polarising ideologies in the U.S. today include social and political polarization. Social polarization involves segregation in a society coming from economic displacements and income inequality. It results in the formation of various social groups from high to low income. It tends to indicate the growth of groups at the highest level of social hierarchy to the groups lower (Hamnet,1996).   The earliest research work on social polarization compares capitalist and pre-capitalist society by R.E Pahl on the isle of Sheppey. However, most recently, research on social polarisation has been done within the developed countries. Racial lines and economic differences between social classes are worsened when social polarization happens together with economic restructuring. Such differences can be seen in urban areas where wealth and social power are scattered with exclusion, deprivation, and decline. Regarding the management of spatial composition in cities, technologies used also contribute to social polarization. 

The two levels of political polarization include elite and mass (Levi, 2020). Elite polarisation stresses the polarisation of political elites like party officials and elected officials. Polarised parties are cohesive and ideologically distinct found in a parliamentary system.  Mass polarisation, on the other hand, focuses on the polarization of the general public. It occurs when the individual attitude towards political issues is divided along party lines.   

Factors associated with immigration policy

Socio-political factors

They include religious, cultural, ethnic, and racial persecution. Wars and conflicts are also significant push factors. The politicization of ethnic and religious identities can cause conflicts within states. Research has shown that states undergoing a political transformation are at a high risk of instability. Conflicts may be more significant in a socially diverse state than in a homogenous society (Vargas, 2017). Humanitarian migrants move due to political or social conditions.

Economic factors

Economic factors include labor policies, the unemployment rate, and the general health of the economy. Individuals migrate to a place with a better economy resulting in people moving from urban to rural areas. Economic migrants move in search of better employment opportunities and higher wages (Helbling, 2019)…..