# Evidence…is what answers the question, “How do you know?

Evidence…is what answers the question, “How do you know?” or “What do you have togo on?” when a person makes a claim and the claim is then called into question. ..theevidence needs to be agreed to by all of the participants, so that it’s a secure starting pointof the dispute…If it’s contested, discussion of the claim stops until the adequacy of theevidence is established…Settling the matter when evidence is in dispute requires aseparate argument in which the original evidence now functions as the claim to beestablished… To set our standard for acceptability of evidence we must ask, what would a criticalaudience—an audience that’s reasoning and thinking critically—be likely toaccept?1 Three main types of evidence Anecdotes/examplesIndividual instances that are intended to demonstrate a larger point. They can bedeveloped into a narrative or could be one sentence. Statistics In short, this refers to numeric data. There are three main types of statistics: Raw numbers: numbers that have not been analyzed at all. For instance, “over4,400 U.S. soldiers died in Iraq between 2003 and 2012.” Statistics refined by some analysis: things like percentages and ratios. Forinstance, “55 percent of baby boomer are planning to retire before they reach thenormal retirement age.” Rate of change: rates and probability. For instance, “the city of Las Vegas isgaining 20,000 new people per day” (rate of change) or “these results aresignificant at the .05 level, meaning that if we did this experiment over and overagain, 95 percent of the time we would not get this result be chance.” Appeals to authorityWe did an exercise on this. It essentially refers to using, as evidence, the opinion of asomeone qualified to speak on the subject. Example: “Joe Smith, a highly-respecteddentist, says Bright Smile toothpaste is the most effective at fighting plaque build-up.” Directions: Create (or make up) one example of each type of evidence that would supporteach claim. Your goal is to demonstrate your understanding of each type of evidence. Youranswer for each doesn’t need to be more than a couple sentences. You may number yourresponses. The more video games children play, the more violent they will become. Anecdotes/examples 2. Statistics3. Appeal of AuthorityTexting messes up ur grammar4. Anecdotes/examples5. Statistics6. Appeal of AuthorityStudying a foreign language gives children a greater command of their native language. 7. Anecdotes/examples8. Statistics9. Appeal of authorit

# Evidence…is what answers the question, “How do you know?

Evidence…is what answers the question, “How do you know?” or “What do you have togo on?” when a person makes a claim and the claim is then called into question. ..theevidence needs to be agreed to by all of the participants, so that it’s a secure starting pointof the dispute…If it’s contested, discussion of the claim stops until the adequacy of theevidence is established…Settling the matter when evidence is in dispute requires aseparate argument in which the original evidence now functions as the claim to beestablished… To set our standard for acceptability of evidence we must ask, what would a criticalaudience—an audience that’s reasoning and thinking critically—be likely toaccept?1 Three main types of evidence Anecdotes/examplesIndividual instances that are intended to demonstrate a larger point. They can bedeveloped into a narrative or could be one sentence. Statistics In short, this refers to numeric data. There are three main types of statistics: Raw numbers: numbers that have not been analyzed at all. For instance, “over4,400 U.S. soldiers died in Iraq between 2003 and 2012.” Statistics refined by some analysis: things like percentages and ratios. Forinstance, “55 percent of baby boomer are planning to retire before they reach thenormal retirement age.” Rate of change: rates and probability. For instance, “the city of Las Vegas isgaining 20,000 new people per day” (rate of change) or “these results aresignificant at the .05 level, meaning that if we did this experiment over and overagain, 95 percent of the time we would not get this result be chance.” Appeals to authorityWe did an exercise on this. It essentially refers to using, as evidence, the opinion of asomeone qualified to speak on the subject. Example: “Joe Smith, a highly-respecteddentist, says Bright Smile toothpaste is the most effective at fighting plaque build-up.” Directions: Create (or make up) one example of each type of evidence that would supporteach claim. Your goal is to demonstrate your understanding of each type of evidence. Youranswer for each doesn’t need to be more than a couple sentences. You may number yourresponses. The more video games children play, the more violent they will become. Anecdotes/examples 2. Statistics3. Appeal of AuthorityTexting messes up ur grammar4. Anecdotes/examples5. Statistics6. Appeal of AuthorityStudying a foreign language gives children a greater command of their native language. 7. Anecdotes/examples8. Statistics9. Appeal of authorit